COVER STORY FOR A COUP
The 1965 takeover of Indonesia worked perfectly. It is probably the most successful covert operation that the CIA has ever carried out -- and this is proven by recently released US gov't documents.
On the morning of October 1, 1965, exactly 41 years ago this minute, as I write, the right-wing military, led by Maj.Gen. Soeharto, rid the Indonesian government of all its progressive and leftist figures and placed President Sukarno under house arrest.
The cover story (and still official RI gov't and school version) was that the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) had tried to stage a coup, killing 6 progressive generals, on the night of Sept. 30, 1965 -- BUT the "patriotic officers" led by Soeharto foiled it and launched a counter-coup, "rescuing" the country from a communist takeover.
It remains an absurd tale -- and yet people still swallow it. The PKI was the largest Communist party outside of the socialist countries, with 3 million members and links to 15 million more in mass organizations. Yet it was totally unprepared for any such action.
Its leaders were later assassinated or jailed without ever calling out their supporters. There was no civil war. The PKI was not armed.
The officer charged with plotting the coup, a Lt. Col. Untung of Sukarno's palace guard, was not a communist, but a nationalist who worked closely with the president. He and Air Marshal Omar Dhani later testified that they had attempted to break up a clandestine "Council of Generals" that, with CIA assistance, was plotting to overthrow Sukarno.
They killed six of the generals on Sept. 30, but the main leaders of the plot escaped.
The surviving generals then accused all the members of Sukarno's cabinet of participating in an attempted communist coup. The whole government was rounded up and some were summarily executed.
Clearly, Soeharto and his gang, along with the CIA, were the real coup organizers.
They destroyed the civilian government. But they also did much more.
They made the rivers in many parts of Indonesia literally run red with the blood of their victims. For months, the army went from village to village, island to island, shooting and hacking to bits whoever was pointed out to them by local reactionaries as "trouble makers."
The iSlamists, police, landlords and merchants used this holocaust as the opportunity to settle old scores and take care of the 3-million member PKI in the process. Hundreds of thousands who survived the killings were herded off to barbaric concentration camps, where many died.
Looking at the events of 1965, an honest historian would logically conclude that a military coup had taken place: a civilian government (under Sukarno) ousted violently and replaced by a military regime under Soeharto.
However, a curious and significant fact is that the military was able to brainwash Indonesians and convince most that "a coup is a non-coup". HOWEVER, the rest of the world now clearly knows that the right-wing elements of the military initiated and directed the whole show, just like a wayang kulit puppet show -- the dalang being the CIA with the strings being Soeharto and his gang.
Here's at least one decent Internet link on more about this amazing tale: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54b/033.html
Other good sources include:
Benedict Anderson & Ruth McVey 'Coup in Indonesia'
Wertheim 'Suharto and the Untung Coup-the missing link'
Daniel Lev, 'Indonesia 1965: the year of the coup'
Rex Mortimer, 'Indonesian Communism ...1959-1965'
Crouch, 'The army and politics in Indonesia'
I Gusti Agung Ayu Ratih, 'Soeharto's New Order State: imposed illusions and invented legitimations'
These are a few that have been discredited by every legitimate historian as RI & CIA-sponsored propaganda tales:
Notosusanto and Saleh, 'The coup attempt of the sept30 movement in Indonesia'
Brackman, 'Communist collapse in Indonesia
John Hughes, 'The end of Sukarno'